Wednesday, April 15, 2009

Evolutionists Cannot Account for Archaeological Discoveries

Evolutionists Cannot Account for Archaeological Discoveries

This tool, made out of obsidian, a dark, glass-like rock, goes back to 10,000 BC. It is impossible to refine and shape obsidian just by hitting it with a stone.

When you examine an evolutionist’s history of mankind, one of the first illustrations you’ll notice are detailed depictions of how man’s allegedly primitive ancestors went about their daily lives. Anyone impressed by the confident, authoritative style, but without much knowledge of the subject, may well assume that all these “artistic reconstructions” are based on scientific evidence. Evolutionist scientists arrive at detailed descriptions as if they had been around thousands of years ago and had the opportunity to carry out observations. They say that when our supposed ancestors—who had now learned to stand on two legs and had nothing else to do—began making stone tools, and for a very long period used no other implements other than ones made of stone and wood. Only at a much later date did they start to use iron, copper and brass. Yet these accounts are based on misinterpretation of findings in the light of evolutionist preconceptions, rather than on scientific proof.

One of the proofs that creatures with primitive minds never existed is this 40,000-year-old flute. Scientific research shows that flutes based on the modern 7-note Western scale, were used tens of thousands of years ago.

In his book Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction, archaeologist Paul Bahn says that the scenario of mankind’s evolution is nothing but a fairy tale, adding that so much of science is based on such tales. He stresses that he uses the word “tale” in a positive sense, but that still, this is exactly what they are. He then invites his readers to consider the traditional attributes of human evolution: cooking and campfires, dark caves, rites, tool-making, aging, struggle and death. How much of these conjectures, he wonders, are based on bones and actual remains, and how much on literary criteria?
Bahn is reluctant to openly answer the question he poses: namely, that man’s alleged evolution is based on “literary” criteria rather than scientific ones.
In fact, there are a great many unanswered questions and logical inconsistencies in these accounts, which someone thinking along the lines of evolutionist dogma will fail to detect. Evolutionists refer to a Stone Age, for example, but are at a loss to explain how implements or remains from the time could have been carved and shaped. In the same way, they never explain how winged insects first came into being, though they maintain that dinosaurs grew wings by trying to catch them, and thus “evolved” into birds. They prefer to forget the whole question, and to have others do the same.

Spoons show that the people of the time had a kitchen culture. This is evidence that they did not, as evolutionists claim, lead primitive lives.

Yet shaping and carving stone is no easy task. It is impossible to produce perfectly regular and razor-sharp tools, as in the remains that have come down to us, by scraping one stone against another. It is possible to shape hard stones such as granite, basalt or dolomite without them crumbling apart only by using steel files, lathes and saws. It is equally obvious that bracelets, earrings, necklaces and brooches dating back tens of thousands of years could not have been crafted using stone tools. The tiny holes in such objects cannot be made with stones. The decoration on them cannot be produced by scraping. The perfection in the objects in question shows that other tools made of hard metals must have been employed.
Many archaeologists and scientists have performed tests to see whether such ancient artifacts could have been manufactured under the conditions that evolutionists conjecture. For example, Professor Klaus Schmidt carried out one such experiment on the carvings on the stone blocks at Göbekli Tepe in Turkey, estimated to date back some 11,000 years. He gave workmen stone tools, of the kind evolutionists claim were employed at the time, and asked them to produce similar carvings on similar rocks. After two hours of non-stop work, all that the workmen managed to complete was a vague line.

The “Polished Stone” Deception

The stonework in remains that have come down to the present day is most striking. In order to be able to give stone such a detailed and regular shape, powerful steel tools generally need to be employed. One cannot make fine designs and shapes by carving one stone with another or rubbing them together. Technical infrastructure is essential to accurately cut stones as hard as granite and make patterns on their surface.

The brightness in many stone remains stems from their sharp and accurate cutting. The way that evolutionist scientists describe this brightness as polish and the period concerned as the “polished stone age” is completely unscientific. It is impossible for polish to be preserved over thousands of years. The stones in question shine because they were accurately cut, not because, as is claimed, they were polished. This is a brightness that stems from inside the stone itself.

Of the bracelets in the above picture, the one on the left is made of marble, and that on the right from basalt. They date back to 8500-9000 BC. Evolutionists claim that in that period only tools made out of stone were used. Basalt and marble are very hard substances. In order for them to be turned into round links steel blades and equipment have to be used. It is impossible for the bracelets to have been cut and shaped without the use of steel tools. If you give someone a piece of stone and ask him to use it to turn a piece of basalt into a bracelet like that in the picture, what degree of success will they have? Rubbing one stone against another or hitting them against one another will not, of course, produce a necklace. Moreover, these discoveries show that the people living at the time were civilized individuals with aesthetic taste and understanding and an advanced culture.

The illustrations show hand-made obsidian and bone tools, hooks and various objects made out of stone. It is obvious that one cannot obtain such regular shapes by hitting bone with a stone. Crude blows from a stone will merely break the bone and prevent the desired shape from taking form. In the same way it is also clear that such sharp lines, shaping and pointed tips, would not even be possible with blows from tools made out of the very hardest stone, such as granite and basalt. These stones are as straight-cut as fruit knives. Their brightness stems not from the fact, as evolutionists maintain, that they are polished, but from the cutting itself. The people who made these items must have had technological devices made out of iron or steel to allow them to shape the materials in their hands in the manner they wished. Hard pieces of stone can only be cut so accurately by using steel.

This stone carving is 11,000 years old. According to evolutionists, only crude, stone tools were in use at that time. The fact is, however, that such a work cannot be produced by rubbing one stone against another. Evolutionists can offer no rational and logical explanation of how the relief in question was formed and made so accurately. Intelligent human beings using tools made out of iron or steel are necessary in order to be able to produce this and other similar works.

You can carry out a similar experiment at home. Take a piece of hard stone such as granite and try to turn it into a spearhead of the kind used by people living 100,000 years ago. But you are not allowed to use anything else than that piece of granite and a stone. How successful do you think you might be? Can you produce a stone axe with the same narrow point, symmetry, smoothness and polish as those found in the historical strata? Let us go even further; take a piece of granite one meter square and on it, try and carve a picture of an animal, imparting a sense of depth. What kind of result could you produce by grinding that rock with another piece of hard stone? Clearly, in the absence of tools made of steel and iron you can make neither a simple axe head, much less an impressive stone carving.

In order for this 550,000-year-old stone tool to have been cut and shaped so accurately tools made out of strong metals such as iron or steel must have been used.

Stone-cutting and stone carving are fields of expertise all their own. The requisite technology is essential in order to make files, lathes, saws and other tools. This demonstrates that at the time these objects were made, the “primitive” technology was well advanced. In other words, evolutionists’ claims that only simple stone implements were known, that there was no technology in existence, are myths. N such “Stone-Only” Age has ever existed.
However, it is perfectly plausible that any stone and iron tools used in cutting, planning and shaping stones should not have survived down to the present day. In a naturally moist and acidic environment, all kinds of metal tools will oxidize and eventually disappear. All that will be left is chips and fragments of the stone they worked, which take must longer to vanish. But to examine these fragments and suggest that people at the time used only stone is not scientific reasoning.
Indeed, a great many evolutionists now admit that archaeological findings do not support Darwinism at all. Richard Leakey, an evolutionist archaeologist, confessed that it’s impossible to account for the archaeological findings, especially stone tools, in terms of the theory of evolution:
In fact, concrete evidence of the inadequacy of the Darwinian hypothesis is to be found in the archeological record. If the Darwinian package were correct, then we would expect to see the simultaneous appearance in the archeological and fossil records of evidence for bipedality, technology, and increased brain size. We don’t. Just one aspect of the prehistoric record is sufficient to show that the hypothesis is wrong: the record of stone tools.

(1) Stone mosaic fragments dating back to around 10,000 BC
(2) Mortar pestles dating back to 11,000 BC
(3) An obsidian tool dating back to 10,000 BC
(4) Stone objects dating back to 11,000 BC
(5) Stonework dating back to 9-10,000 BC produced using malachite filling material
(6) A filler stone resembling a nail dating back to around 10,000 BC
(7) A hammer head dating back to 10,000 BC

The stone tools in this picture go back on average to 10-11,000 BC. Let us imagine that you want to make any one of the stones here by hitting one stone with another, in the way evolutionists maintain that the people of the time did. For example, try to make regular holes in the fourth stone. No matter how many times you hit the piece of rock you are holding, you will never be able to make such a perfect hole In order to do that, you will need to use tools made of strong materials such as steel.